Get your Prostate Cancer Facts from Risks to Treatment on the below infographics brought to you by The Medical City for Prostate Cancer Awareness month. For more info you can also visit: http://www.themedicalcity.com/newsitem.php?catid=1&nid=119
Prostate Cancer Facts:
Prostate cancer is the 4th most common cancer for men.
In 2008, the estimated incidence rate was 10.1 per 100,000 Filipinos.
The normal prostate gland is the size of a walnut (<30g). The gland usually grows larger when aging.
Risk and Causes
Age. More than 80% of prostate cancers are diagnosed in men older than 65 years of age.
Family History. History of Prostate Cancer in the family specially first-degree have increased risk of developing prostate cancer.
Diet. A diet high in fat has been associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer. On the other hand, diet rich in lycopenes which are derived from cooked tomatoes have been shown to offer some protective effects
STD. Sexually transmitted infections as one of the causative factors for prostate cancer. *No definitive supporting data yet
Obesity. Obesity leads to an increased risk of having more aggressive, larger prostate cancer. *No definitive supporting data yet
Symptoms & Screenings
Early prostate cancer has no symptom at all.
Suspicion can be raised with an abnormal blood test known as the Prostate Specific antigen (PSA)
Most patients in Asian countries used to be diagnosed when the prostate cancer is already on the late stage commonly at stage 3 and stage 4 .
Having blood in urine
Experiencing Urinary Tract Infection
Having Painful Ejaculation
Inability to have an erection.
Advanced Prostate Cancer symptoms:
Bone pains, especially at the back
Inability to urinate
Lower extremity edema or swelling
Loss of weight and appetite, fatigue, nausea, or vomiting
***Annual Screening with digital rectal exam (DRE) and PSA is recommended by the Philippine Urological Association.
Notable People who are Prostate Cancer Survivors:
Robert De Niro – “the condition was detected at an early stage because of regular checkups, a result of his proactive personal healthcare program,”
Colin Powell – is the former Secretary of State of the U.S.A. He underwent surgery to remove his prostate cancer.
Roger Moore – The longest Living James bond actor- Roger moor underwent a radical prostatectomy ( a full removal of his prostate gland)
Kinds of treatment:
External beam radiation: The damaged cancer cells are subjected to high-energy rays to stop them from growing and dividing. There is an external source of energy generated outside the body of the patient.
Brachytherapy: The radiation source are from small pellets implanted into the prostate for more concentrated delivery of energy
Cryotherapy – This uses a method of localized freezing temperatures up to negative 40oC to kill the cancer cells while sparing the surrounding normal structures to deaden an irritated nerve and serves as pain treatment .
Radical prostatectomy: Surgical removal of the entire cancerous prostate gland. It’s the most time honored method of treating prostate cancer. Can be performed by the traditional open, laparoscopic and robotic assisted approach 70% of radical prostatectomy surgeries in the U.S. are performed using the of the Da Vinci robotic system.
Advanced Prostate Cancer
Hormonal therapy – Prostate cancer needs testosterone stimulation for its growth. This strategy blocks off the source of hormones to the cancerous prostate gland and thus slow down its growth but not entirely cure it.
Chemotherapy – Usually utilized as a last resort in cases of resistance to hormonal therapy